Montenegro mountains fall into one of the most inhospitable terrain in Europe. Their average altitude is more than 2000 m. The highest peak of Montenegro is Zla Kolata on Prokletije with an altitude of 2534 m. One of the most famous peaks of Montenegro is Bobotov Kuk on Durmitor Mountain, which is located at an altitude of 2523 m. Montenegro mountains belong to terrains of the Balkan Peninsula mostly altered by erosion during the last ice age.
Durmitor is a mountain and national park in Montenegro. The highest peak is Bobotov KUK high 2523 meters. The
landscapes of Durmitor, its beauty and integrity rarely authentic nature piece were declared a national park
in 1952. It is located in the northwest of Montenegro, the park includes the main massif of Durmitor with canyons
of Tara, Draga and Susica and upper canyon valley Komarnica, covering an area of 39000 ha
The main feature of landscape of Durmitor area is the vast plateau at 1500 meters above sea level, which is intersected by deep canyons, and with that rise imposing mountain peaks, 48 of them with more than 2000 meters above sea level and among the highest is Bobotov Kuk of 2523 m.
To the beauty of Durmitor massif special charm give 18 glacial lakes called “Mountain Eyes”, at altitudes above 1500 m.
Among the most beautiful ornaments of the park are clear, mighty rivers that gave to this area the astonishing canyon valleys.
All the splendor of natural beauty, landscape and cultural values of Durmitor and Tara river, prevailed and thus the Durmitor National Park was inscribed in the List of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, by Decision of the International Committee for world Cultural and Natural Heritage in Paris in 1980, while the river Tara and its canyon valley, by UNESCO computing program "Man and Biosphere" in 1977 was included in the world's ecological biosphere reserves.
By the richness of flora and fauna, complexity of its ecosystems, the existence of above 1,300 species of vascular
plants denoting the exceptional concentration of endemic and relic species, Durmitor represents the magnificent
natural assets and is a lasting inspiration for scientists and nature lovers.
Durmitor National Park has a considerable number of the cultural monuments dating from ancient times up to present. The mediaeval monuments are the most characteristic: ruins of the town and fortifications, bridges and watch-towers, necropolises with tombstones – ”stećci“ and monastery complexes in the valley of the Tara river.
Prokletije are a mountain range in eastern Montenegro, southern Serbia (Kosovo and Metohija) and northern Albania. Prokletije are a high mountain range in the south-eastern edge of the Dinaric mountain system. The highest peak of Prokletije is Jezerski peak, 2694 meters high, and at the same time it is the highest peak of Dinara mountains.
In addition to the normal (mountains, valleys, river valleys, terraces, etc.) on Prokletije often occur specific landforms with strong curiosity and aesthetic-decorative properties. They are the result of intensive selective action of erosion resistance of different geological substrates composed of different rocks: Paleozoic, Mesozoic limestone, volcanic rocks and Quaternary sediments and others. In doing so, the softer rocks harder and harder less eroded. Hence the Prokletije are recognizable by their markedly morphological structure.
On Prokletije occurs also specific hydrography, related mainly to the limestone terrain. It consists of not only karst springs, but also parts of the river flows through gorges and canyons with waterfalls and giant pots, sinkholes and karst springs. In canyon Grlje, the namesake river makes five real waterfalls on a length of 500 m, i.e. on average for every 100 m one waterfall. The first waterfall at the entrance of the canyon, which is a real river Skakavica, high is 15 m, while the highest, the last waterfall reaches a height of about 25 m.
National Park encompasses central and the highest part of the Lovcen massif, measuring 6220 hectares. It was declared
a national park in 1952. It is located in the southwestern part of Montenegro, rises from the edge of the Adriatic
basin closing the long and winding Boka bays, making the hinterland of the ancient coastal town of Kotor
The relatively narrow space meets numerous and diverse forms of relief, accentuated in the central part of the mountain, where Lovcen rises highest by Stirovnik and Lake Peak. Its slopes are rocky with many crevices, pits and deep depressions, giving the scenery a specific look. In the area of the national park of considerable value makes cultural and historical heritage. A unique architectural relic, worth of attention are the famous Lovcen serpentines. The old road from Kotor winds uphill to Njegusi, a picturesque mountainous village, where the houses of Petar II Petrovic Njegos, famous Montenegrin bishop and poet of the nineteenth century and the last ruler of Montenegro, King Nikola I Petrovic.
The most magnificent monument of Lovcen national park is Njegos Mausoleum erected at Lake peak, the place that this eminent poet and philosopher for life had chosen for eternal rest.
Njegos during his life built on Lake Peak the chapel in which was subsequently buried. After the Austrian occupation of Montenegro during World War II, this church was destroyed (and Njegos body was ttransferred to Cetinje Monastery) that would again be restored in the time of King Alexander, in twenties of the last century. In 1970 the communist government in Montenegro has started preparations for its demolition and the construction of a mausoleum in the style of the Vienna Secession according to idea of sculptor Ivan Mestrovic.
Lovcen area abounds in numerous elements of construction. The authentic old houses and village threshing floors and huts in summer pastures - summer herding settlements. The belvedere, in the immediate vicinity, offers a breathtaking view of the Bay of Kotor and Katunska nahija (district) was called Stone Sea by the famous Bernard Shaw, when he saw it.
Orjen is the highest mountain of sub-adriatic Dinaric orogen. With 1894 m high Zubacki bucket is the highest out of 6 peaks above 1800 m. As a very rugged mountain Orjen is arid, even though receiving an average of 4762 mm of rainfall annually and is one of the wettest areas in Europe. Orjen consists of several parallel chains extending from the northwest to the southeast. Between chains are deep troughs as valley Reovicki Do, deep to the graciousness and valley Ubli. They are glacial valleys, which in addition to the length of several kilometers achieve significant width of 2 km. Relief Orjen is of extremely glacial-karts character, which is the parent substrate very pure limestone, and glaciation was here very strong. The ice cap at the time of glaciation reached a size of 150 km². The glaciers coming down from all sides of Orjen, the most notable were the glaciers to Risan and Dragaljsko field, while one glacier descended in valley Dobri Do. North Side of Orjen is called Bijela Gora. The most striking is the high mountain area which is covered with tall beech-fir forests.
Zubacki kabao, the main peak of the massif Orjen and the highest point of the Sea Dinarides, received a good quality footpath 1895.
The entire climb to the top Pazua is one of the harder mountaineers, and in some places there are also certain elements of mountaineering. Snow cover (which is present mainly in May) ranks climb to Pazua, in winter climbing.
Reovacka Greda, which is the highest peak in Medjugorje (1769 m), is considered with Subra (1,679 m) amphitheater, the most beautiful part of the massif. On the track, halfway up to Reovacka Greda passing by a puddle Reovac (requires water disinfection). It is an important place for livestock watering during the summer grazing in the valleys. After a short section through a beech forest, the trail climbs through very steep slopes. Requires forty minutes to reach the foot of the rock creep. There is a spring - Studenac, which abundance in late summer is significantly reduced. Surrounding over Studenac is emphasized by the cruel beauty.
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