The largest lake in Montenegro is Skadar Lake, which is the largest lake on the Balkan Peninsula. Skadar Lake is crypto depression. Lakes in the mountainous part of Montenegro are of glacial origin. The largest and best known of these are Plavsko, Biogradsko, Sasko and Crno Lake.
Skadar Lake is the largest lake in Montenegro and the Balkan Peninsula, with the area of 369.7 km². Its length is from of Vranjine to Shkodra 40 kilometers and a width in some places 14 kilometers. The depth is of 4 to 6 meters, and the farther towards the western hill it is even higher. According to the seasons it changes size, and receives water from many rivers. Effluent River Bojana flows into the Adriatic Sea.
On the shore of the lake there is a small town - Rijeka Crnojevica. Nearby are the remains of the city Obod where the printing press was located where in 1494 Oktoih was printed - the first book in this part of Europe.
The lake is full of islands and peninsulas on which there are traces of history and a valuable cultural heritage:
Zabljak Crnojevica - the capital of former Zeta, Lesendro - castle on a rock in the middle of the lake, the fortress
Clear water and preserved environment enabled the development of extremely rich eco-system. This is the only habitat of pelicans in southern Europe.
Biogradsko Lake is the largest mountain lake in Montenegro. It is located on the mountain Bjelasica, 16 km northeast of Kolasin. It is 4
km from the main road Kolasin-Mojkovac. With wooded environment it makes the most beautiful part of the national park Biogradska Gora.
At the time of highest water level is 875 m long, 410 m wide, 12 m deep and has a surface of 270000 m². In times of drought level is lowered up to 6 m.
Biogradsko Lake is of glacial origin and belongs to the group of accumulation lakes. From the cirque from the highest part of Bjelasica down the glacier through the Valley of Biogradska River, moraine material was carried to 1000 meters above sea level. By this material was separated trough, and the lake was created. The lake is filled with water from Bilogorska river (8 km long) and stream Bendovac and water flow of the lake Jezerstica, right tributary of Tara. The emergence of the abyss at the bottom of lakes threaten its survival. During cold winters the water freezes (30-60 days).
To the beauty of Durmitor massif special charm gives 18 glacial lakes called mountain eyes, at altitudes above 1500 m. The largest and most attractive is the Black Lake. The magnificence of the landscape is enhanced, in addition to beauty the Lake's basin and its glittering water surface, a large wooded area that surrounds it and the top Mededi, frightening raised upon it. It is 2 km from the mountain town of Zabljak, the winter tourist center of Montenegro.
Black Lake lies at the foot of Međed and has an area of 0515 km2. The lake consists of two small lakes, connected by narrow stream of water consists of two separate parts:
- Big Lake has a surface area of 0,338 km2, maximum depth of 24.5 m, the maximum length of 855 m and a maximum width of 615 m.
- Small Lake has an area of 0,177 km2, maximum depth of 49.1 m, the maximum length of 605 m and a maximum width of about 400 m.
Piva river originates from springs Sinjac on mountain Golija, near the monastery of Piva. Before the formation of artificial Piva Lake, Sinjac flowed into the river Komarnici and with it, in the length of 34 kilometers made Piva river.. However, Komarnica is a part of the river system 86 km long (Tusina-Bukovica-Bijela-Komarnica), so that, by measuring from the source of the river Tusibe, Piva river is 120 km long.
The canyon is cut e through mountains Maglic, Volujak, Maglic and Piva mountain, and it is 33 km long, deep up to 1200 m and theret the river creates remarkable power that is used for hydroelectric power plant Mratinje which rearranged canyon in 1975. The dam is 220 m high is one of the largest in Europe. Dam creates Lake Piva (size of 12,5 square kilometers at an altitude of 675 m and 188 m deep), which flooded the old position of monastery Piva from the 16th century, and the monastery was moved to a new location.
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